The content of the publication is focused around the analysis of social protection within the territory of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the National Socialist rule. The collection therefore strives to overcome the limits of current historical research. Instead of the present emphasis on “social demagogy” when conceptualizing a social policy whose goal was to maximize the exploitation of the Protectorate’s human resources to the advantage of Germany’s military objectives, the collection’s concept confronts this one-sided (but not incorrect) perspective, which demonstrates the long‑term continuities of wartime social policy with the previous era (before the year 1938) and the subsequent period of people’s democracy after the year 1945. The studies within the collection represent an empirical approach towards gleaning factual data on the individual social policies (insurance, housing policy, labour regulation, etc.).